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FingerReader Offers Reading for the Blind

It’s easy to assume the value of additive manufacturing (AM) can be measured by the speed and size of prints alone, but the true power of the technology can be found in the manner in which it is put to use. While no one will deny the importance of producing stronger and lighter parts for the automotive and aerospace industries, most people that truly benefit from AM do so at a much more personal level.

Researchers at MIT’s Media Lab have used AM to help produce a new device that assists blind readers. Called the FingerReader, the device offers the blind a chance to read books for which no Braille translation is available, and can also assist users who developed blindness later in life and never picked up the knack for reading Braille by touch.

MIT's FingerReader uses 3D printing and digital video technology to assist blind users with reading. Courtesy of MIT Media Lab.

MIT’s FingerReader uses 3D printing and digital video technology to assist blind users with reading. Courtesy of MIT Media Lab.

The FingerReader consists of a 3D printed, oversized ring which houses two vibration motors and a high-resolution mini video camera. One vibration motor is embedded in the top of the ring, while the other is embedded in the bottom, along with the video camera.

The motors vibrate to indicate which direction a user should move his finger along a line of text, while the camera captures images of the words. The words are then read aloud to the user as they move their finger along a line.

From the MIT paper about the FingerReader:

When the user veers from the scan line, we trigger a tactile and auditory feedback. When the system cannot find more word blocks along the line we trigger an event to let users know they reached the end of the printed line. New high-confidence words incur an event and invoke the TTS [text-to-speech] engine to utter the word aloud. When skimming, users hear one or two words that are currently under their finger and can decide whether to keep reading or move to another area.

AM has played a major role in the prototyping and testing of the FingerReader, and it seems reasonable to assume the technology will continue to assist in finished models. While a manufacturer could produce multiple sizes of the ring used to house the electronics for the FingerReader, it seems more likely that each user will send in measurements and have ring 3D printed specifically for them.

The FingerReader isn’t the only example of leveraging AM to assist the blind. Other examples include 3D printed paintings and models. Below you’ll find a video about the FingerReader.

Source: MIT Media Lab

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About John Newman

John Newman is a contributing editor to Desktop Engineering magazine. He covers the rapid prototyping and manufacturing beat.

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